Annex - Amendments to the International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes (IMSBC) Code
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Statutory Documents - IMO Publications and Documents - Resolutions - Maritime Safety Committee - Resolution MSC.393(95) - Amendments to the International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes (IMSBC) Code - (Adopted on 11 June 2015) - Annex - Amendments to the International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes (IMSBC) Code

Annex - Amendments to the International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes (IMSBC) Code

This document has been consolidated into IMSBC Code

Contents

1 At the end, a new entry "appendix 5" is added with the following:
  • "Appendix 5 Bulk Cargo Shipping Names in three languages (English, Spanish and French)"

Section 1 - General provisions

1.4 Application and implementation of this Code

2 In paragraph 1.4.2, the following entries are inserted in the corresponding order
  • "Paragraph 4.2.2.2;"

  • "Section 14 Prevention of pollution by cargo residues from ships;".

3 In the existing paragraph 1.4.2, the line for "Appendices other than appendix 1 Individual schedules of solid bulk cargoes; and" is replaced with the following:
  • "Appendices other than appendix 1 (Individual schedules of solid bulk cargoes) and appendix 5 (Bulk Cargo Shipping Names in three languages (English, Spanish and French)); and"

1.6 Conventions

4 In the body of paragraph 1.6, at the end of the first sentence, the words "are reproduced in full" are replaced by the words "the relevant parts are reproduced below".

Chapter VI - Carriage of cargoes

5 The title of chapter VI is replaced by the following:

"Carriage of cargoes and oil fuels"

Part A

General provisions

Regulation 1 Application

6 At the beginning of paragraph 1, the words "Unless expressly provided otherwise," are added and the existing word "This" is replaced by the word "this".

Regulation 4 The use of pesticides in ships

7 In the footnote, in subparagraph .2, the reference for "(MSC.1/Circ.1264)" is replaced by "(MSC.1/Circ.1264, as amended by MSC.1/Circ.1396)".

1.7 Definitions

8 In the definition for "Manual of Tests and Criteria", replace the words (ST/SG/AC.10/11/Rev.5/Amendment 1) by the words "(ST/SG/AC.10/11/Rev.5/Amendment 2)".

Section 3

Safety of personnel and ship

3.1 General requirements

9 After the existing paragraph 3.1.1, insert a new paragraph 3.1.2 with the following:
  • "3.1.2 Routine on board operational fire safety risk assessments shall be carried out by the ship's crew for cargo handling areas on self-unloading bulk carriers featuring internally installed conveyor systems within the ship's structure. Due consideration shall be given to fire prevention and the effective operation of fire detection systems, containment and suppression under all anticipated operating conditions and cargoes. The fire safety risk assessments shall be detailed in the ship's Safety Management System (SMS) together with a recommended timing to provide regular assessments."

and the existing paragraph 3.1.2 is renumbered as 3.1.3.

3.2 Poisoning, corrosive and asphyxiation hazards

10 In paragraph 3.2.4, the corresponding footnote is amended to read as follows:
  • "Refer to the Revised recommendations for entering enclosed spaces aboard ships, adopted by the Organization by resolution A.1050(27)."

3.6 Cargo under in-transit fumigation

11 In paragraph 3.6.1, the existing footnote at the end of the paragraph is amended to read as follows:
  • "* Refer to the Recommendations on the safe use of pesticides in ships applicable to the fumigation of cargo holds (MSC.1/Circ.1264), as amended by MSC.1/Circ.1396.."

and, in paragraph 3.6.2, the existing footnote at the end of the word "valves" in the end of the third sentence, and the existing footnote at the end of the paragraph are amended, respectively, to read as follows:

" Refer to paragraph 3.3.2.4 of MSC.1/Circ.1264."

Refer to paragraph 3.3.2.10 of MSC.1/Circ.1264".

Section 4

Assessment of acceptability of consignments for safe shipment

4.2 Provision of information

12 The existing paragraph 4.2.2 is renumbered as "4.2.2.1" and the following new paragraph "4.2.2.2" is added:
  • "4.2.2.2 The cargo information should include whether or not the cargo is harmful to the marine environmentfootnote.

13 In paragraph 4.2.3, in the "Form for cargo information for Solid Bulk Cargoes", after the row for that describes Group of the cargo, the following rows are inserted:

"
Classification relating to MARPOL Annex V
harmful to the marine environment
not harmful to the marine environment
"

Section 7

Cargoes that may liquefy

7.3 Provisions for cargoes that may liquefy

7.3.1 General

14 The existing paragraphs 7.3.1.1 to 7.3.1.4 are replaced by the following:
  • "7.3.1.1 Concentrates or other cargoes which may liquefy shall only be accepted for loading when the actual moisture content of the cargo is less than its TML. Notwithstanding this provision, cargoes having moisture content in excess of the TML may be carried on a specially constructed or fitted cargo ship for confining cargo shift specified in paragraph 7.3.2.
  • 7.3.1.2 Notwithstanding the provisions in section 1.4 of this Code, the requirements in sections 4.2.2.1.9, 4.2.2.1.10, 4.3.2 to 4.3.5, 4.5, 4.6 and 8 of this Code need not apply to a cargo which may liquefy provided that the cargo is carried on a specially constructed or fitted cargo ship for confining cargo shift specified in paragraph 7.3.2 or on a specially constructed ship for dry powdery cargoes specified in paragraph 7.3.3.
  • 7.3.1.3 Cargoes which contain liquids other than packaged canned goods or the like shall not be stowed in the same cargo space above or adjacent to these solid bulk cargoes.
  • 7.3.1.4 Adequate measures shall be taken to prevent liquids entering the cargo space in which these solid bulk cargoes are stowed during the voyage
  • 7.3.1.5 Masters shall be cautioned about the possible danger of using water to cool these cargoes while the ship is at sea. Introducing water may bring the moisture content of these cargoes to a flow state. When necessary, due regard shall be paid to apply water in the form of spray."

7.3.2 Specially constructed or fitted cargo ships

15 The existing subsection 7.3.2 is replaced by the following:
  • "7.3.2 Specially constructed or fitted cargo ships for confining cargo shift
  • 7.3.2.1 Specially constructed cargo ships for confining cargo shift shall have permanent structural boundaries, so arranged as to confine any shift of cargo to an acceptable limit. The ship concerned shall carry evidence of approval by the Administration.
  • 7.3.2.2 Specially fitted cargo ships for confining cargo shift shall be fitted with specially designed portable divisions to confine any shift of cargo to an acceptable limit. Specially fitted cargo ships shall be in compliance with the following requirements:
    • .1 The design and positioning of such special arrangements shall adequately provide not only the restraint of the immense forces generated by the flow movement of high-density bulk cargoes, but also for the need to reduce to an acceptable safe level the potential heeling movements arising out of a transverse cargo flow across the cargo space. Divisions provided to meet these requirements shall not be constructed of wood.
    • .2 The elements of the ship's structure bounding such cargo shall be strengthened, as necessary.
    • .3 The plan of special arrangements and details of the stability conditions on which the design has been based shall have been approved by the Administration. The ship concerned shall carry evidence of approval by the Administration.
  • 7.3.2.3 A submission made to an Administration for approval of such a ship shall include:
    • .1 relevant structural drawings, including scaled longitudinal and transverse sections;
    • .2 stability calculations, taking into account loading arrangements and possible cargo shift, showing the distribution of cargo and liquids in tanks, and of cargo which may become fluid; and
    • .3 any other information which may assist the Administration in the assessment of the submission."
16 Add the following new subsection 7.3.3:
  • "7.3.3 Specially constructed cargo ships for dry powdery cargoes
  • 7.3.3.1 Specially constructed cargo ships for dry powdery cargoes shall be designed and constructed to:
    • .1 carry solely dry powdery cargoes; and
    • .2 handle cargoes by means of closed type systems using pneumatic equipment which prevent the cargo from the exposure to weather.
  • 7.3.3.2The ship concerned shall carry evidence of approval by the Administration."

Section 8

Test procedures for cargoes that may liquefy

8.1

17 In the end of paragraph "8.1", the words "unless the cargo is carried in a specially constructed or fitted ship" are deleted.

Section 9

Materials possessing chemical hazards

9.2.3. Materials hazardous only in bulk (MHB)

9.2.3.1 General

18 After the existing paragraph 9.2.3.1.3, two new paragraphs 9.2.3.1.4 and 9.2.3.1.5 are added with the following:
  • "9.2.3.1.4 Although the chemical hazards are intended to be closely defined in order to establish a uniform approach to MHB classification, where human experience or other factors indicate the need to consider other chemical hazards, these shall always be taken into account. Where deviations from the chemical hazards described in 9.2.3.2 to 9.2.3.7, have been recognized (Other hazards (OH)), they shall be properly recorded with justifications. Other hazards are to be included in the section for "Hazard" in the individual schedule.

  • 9.2.3.1.5 A notational reference shall accompany the MHB designation in the "Class" cell of the Characteristics table for each individual schedule for cargoes classified as MHB. When a material possesses one or more of the chemical hazards as defined below, the notational reference for each hazard shall be included in the "Class" cell. A summary of the notational references is presented in the table below:

Chemical Hazard Notational Reference
Combustible solids CB
Self-heating solids SH
Solids that evolve flammable gas when wet WF
Solids that evolve toxic gas when wet WT
Toxic solids TX
Corrosive solids CR
Other hazards OH
"
and amend the following subsection headings under 9.2.3 as follows:
  • "9.2.3.2 Combustible solids: MHB (CB)
  • 9.2.3.3 Self-heating solids: MHB (SH)
  • 9.2.3.4 Solids that evolve flammable gas when wet: MHB (WF)
  • 9.3.3.5 Solids that evolve toxic gas when wet: MHB (WT)
  • 9.2.3.6 Toxic solids: MHB (TX)
  • 9.2.3.7 Corrosive solids: MHB (CR)"

9.2.3.7 Corrosive solids

19 In paragraph 9.2.3.7.3, replace the reference "ISO 3574:199" by the reference "ISO 3574:1999".

9.3 Stowage and segregation requirements

9.3.3 Segregation between bulk materials possessing chemical hazards and dangerous goods in packaged form

20 The second paragraph of the existing paragraph 9.3.3.1, before the table, is numbered as "9.3.3.2".

Section 13

References to related information and recommendations

13.1 General

21 In paragraph 13.1, after the words "IMO Instruments", insert the words "and other international standards (such as ISO, IEC)".

13.2 Reference list

22 In paragraph 13.2, after the words "IMO Instruments", in the first sentence, insert the words "or standard"; and, in the third sentence of the paragraph, after the words "IMO Instruments", insert the words "or reference standard".

23 In the heading of the table, in column "Reference to the relevant IMO instruments (2)", add the words "or standard" after the words "IMO instruments".

13.2.3Fire-extinguishing arrangements

24 Under section 13.2.3 of the table, insert a new second row with the following:

"
General Group B FSS Code chapter 5 Fixed Gas Fire-Extinguishing Systems
"

and under section 13.2.3 of the table, in the column "Reference to the relevant IMO instruments (2)", for entry "Groups A, B and C", replace the text with "MSC/Circ.1395/Rev.2; and, in the column "Subject (3)", after the words "may be exempted", add the words "or for which a fixed gas fire-extinguishing system is ineffective".

13.2.4 Ventilation

25 Under section 13.2.4 of the table, at the end of the section, insert three new rows with the following:

"
General Group B MSC.1/Circ.1434 Unified Interpretation of SOLAS II-2/19.3.4
General Group B MSC.1/Circ.1120 Unified Interpretation of SOLAS including II-2 /19.3.2, 19.3.4 and 19.3.4.2
General Group B IEC 60092-506 Electrical standards for equipment safe for use in an explosive atmosphere
"

13.2.6 Gas detection

26 Under section 13.2.6 of the table, in the column "Reference to the relevant IMO instruments (2)", the words "section 3" are replaced by "as amended by MSC.1/Circ.1396",

and, at the end of the section, insert a new row with the following:

"
General IEC 60092-506 Electrical standards for equipment safe for use in an explosive atmosphere
"

13.2.10 Segregation

27 Under section 13.2.10 of the table, at the end of the section, insert a new row with the following:

"
Group B IEC 60092-352 Standards for electrical cable penetrations in boundaries
"

13.2.12 Entering enclosed spaces

28 Under section 13.2.12 of the table, in the column "Reference to the relevant IMO instruments (2)", amend the text to read "resolution A.1050(27), 30 November 2011"; and in the column "Subject (3)", amend the title to read "Revised recommendations for entering enclosed spaces aboard ships".

13.2.13 Avoidance of excessive stresses

29 Under section 13.2.13 of the table, at the end of the section, insert two new rows with the following:

"
2.1.2 Resolution A.862(20), as amended Code of Practice for the Safe Loading and Unloading of Bulk Carriers (BLU Code)
2.1.2 MSC.1/Circ.1357 Additional Considerations for the Safe Loading of Bulk Carriers
"

30 A new "Section 14" is added with the following texts:

"Section 14

Prevention of pollution by cargo residues from ships

14.1 The provisions of this section address the management of residues of solid bulk cargoes, in relation to the 2012 Guidelines for the implementation of MARPOL Annex V (resolution MEPC.219(63), as amended) (the Guidelines). In accordance with MARPOL Annex V, the management of the residues of solid bulk cargoes depends primarily on the classification of a solid bulk cargo as to whether it is harmful to the marine environment (HME) or non-HME. The responsibility for classifying and declaring, whether a solid bulk cargo is HME or non-HME, lies with the shipper as per section 3.4 of the Guidelines. The information in this section is provided in order to assist users of the IMSBC Code.

14.2 The Guidelines assist with the implementation of requirements in MARPOL Annex V. The text of the Guidelines, relevant to residues of solid bulk cargoes is reproduced below. The Guidelines may be amended after the adoption of this version of the IMSBC Code, and the latest version of the Guidelines should always be referred to.

"2012 GUIDELINES FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF MARPOL ANNEX V

PREFACE

(Not reproduced.)

1 INTRODUCTION

1.1 The revised MARPOL Annex V with an entry into force date of 1 January 2013, prohibits the discharge of all types of garbage into the sea unless explicitly permitted under the Annex. These guidelines have been developed taking into account the regulations set forth in Annex V, as amended, of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, (MARPOL) (hereinafter referred to as the "Convention"). The purpose of these guidelines is to provide guidance to governments, shipowners, ship operators, ships' crews, cargo owners, port reception facility operators and equipment manufacturers. The guidelines are divided into the following six sections that provide a general framework upon which governments can formulate programmes:
  • Introduction;
  • Garbage management;
  • Management of cargo residues of solid bulk cargoes;
  • Training, education and information;
  • Port reception facilities for garbage; and
  • Enhancement of compliance with MARPOL Annex V.

1.2 Under the revised MARPOL Annex V, discharge of all garbage is now prohibited, except as specifically permitted in regulations 3, 4, 5 and 6 of MARPOL Annex V. MARPOL Annex V reverses the historical presumption that garbage may be discharged into the sea based on the nature of the garbage and defined distances from shore. Regulation 7 provides limited exceptions to these regulations in emergency and non-routine situations. Generally, discharge is restricted to food wastes, identified cargo residues, animal carcasses, and identified cleaning agents and additives and cargo residues entrained in wash water which are not harmful to the marine environment. It is recommended that ships use port reception facilities as the primary means of discharge for all garbage.

1.3 Recognizing that the MARPOL Annex V regulations continue to restrict the discharge of garbage into the sea, require garbage management for ships, and that garbage management technology continues to evolve, it is recommended that governments and the Organization continue to gather information and review these guidelines periodically.

1.4 (Not reproduced.)

1.5 (Not reproduced.)

1.6 Definitions (Not reproduced.)

1.7 Application

1.7.1 This section provides clarification as to what should and should not be considered garbage under MARPOL Annex V.

1.7.2 (Not reproduced.)

1.7.3 (Not reproduced.)

1.7.4 While cleaning agents and additives contained in hold washwater, and deck and external surface washwater are considered "operational wastes" and thus "garbage" under Annex V, these cleaning agents and additives may be discharged into the sea so long as they are not harmful to the marine environment.

1.7.5 A cleaning agent or additive is considered not harmful to the marine environment if it:
  • .1 is not a "harmful substance" in accordance with the criteria in MARPOL Annex III; and
  • .2 does not contain any components which are known to be carcinogenic, mutagenic or reprotoxic (CMR).

1.7.6 The ship's record should contain evidence provided by the producer of the cleaning agent or additive that the product meets the criteria for not being harmful to the marine environment. To provide an assurance of compliance, a dated and signed statement to this effect from the product supplier would be adequate for the purposes of a ship's record. This might form part of a Safety Data Sheet or be a stand-alone document but this should be left to the discretion of the producer concerned.

1.7.7 (Not reproduced.)

1.7.8 (Not reproduced.)

2 GARBAGE MANAGEMENT

2.1 Waste Minimization

2.1.1 All shipowners and operators should minimize taking on board material that could become garbage. Ship-specific garbage minimization procedures should be included in the Garbage Management Plan. It is recommended that manufacturers, cargo owners, ports and terminals, shipowners and operators and governments consider the management of garbage associated with ships' supplies, provisions, and cargoes as needed to minimize the generation of garbage in all forms.

2.1.2 (Not reproduced.)

2.1.3 (Not reproduced.)

2.1.4 (Not reproduced.)

2.2 Fishing gear (Not reproduced.)

2.3 Shipboard garbage handling (collection, processing, storage, discharge)

2.3.1 Regulation 3 of MARPOL Annex V provides that the discharge of garbage into the sea is prohibited, with limited exceptions, as summarized in table 1. Under certain conditions discharge into the sea of food wastes, animal carcasses, cleaning agents and additives contained in hold washwater, deck and external surface washwater and cargo residues which are not considered to be harmful to the marine environment is permitted.

TABLE 1 SUMMARY OF RESTRICTIONS TO THE DISCHARGE OF GARBAGE INTO THE SEA UNDER REGULATIONS 4, 5 AND 6 OF MARPOL ANNEX V (Not fully reproduced)

(Note: Table 1 is intended as a summary reference. The provisions in MARPOL Annex V, not table 1, prevail.)
Garbage typefootnote All ships except platformsfootnote Offshore platforms located more than 12 nm from nearest land and ships when alongside or within 500 metres of such platformsfootnote Regulation 5
Outside special areas Regulation 4 (Distances are from the nearest land) Within special areas Regulation 6 (Distances are from nearest land or nearest ice-shelf)
Cargo residuesfootnote, footnote not contained in washwater >12 nm, en route and as far as practicable Discharge prohibited Discharge prohibited
Cargo residuesfootnote, footnote contained in washwater   > 12 nm, en route and as far as practicable (subject to conditions in regulation 6.1.2)  
Cleaning agents and additivesfootnote contained in cargo hold washwater Discharge permitted > 12 nm, en route and as far as practicable (subject to conditions in regulation 6.1.2) Discharge prohibited
Cleaning agents and additivesfootnote in deck and external surfaces washwater Discharge permitted

2.3.2 (Not reproduced.)

2.3.3 (Not reproduced.)

2.3.4 (Not reproduced.)

2.4 Collection

(Not reproduced.)

2.5 Processing

(Not reproduced.)

2.6 Storage

(Not reproduced.)

2.7 Discharge

(Not reproduced.)

2.8 Shipboard equipment for processing garbage

(Not reproduced.)

2.9 Grinding or comminution

(Not reproduced.)

2.10 Compaction

(Not reproduced.)

2.11 Incineration

(Not reproduced.)

2.12 Treatment of animal carcasses

(Not reproduced.)

2.13 Discharge of fish carried as a cargo

(Not reproduced.)

3 MANAGEMENT OF CARGO RESIDUES OF SOLID BULK CARGOES

3.1 Cargo residues are included in the definition of garbage within the meaning of MARPOL Annex V, regulation 1.9 and may be discharged in accordance with regulations 4.1.3 and 6.1.2. However, cargo material contained in the cargo hold bilge water should not be treated as cargo residues if the cargo material is not harmful to the marine environment and the bilge water is discharged from a loaded hold through the ship's fixed piping bilge drainage system.

3.2 Cargo residues are considered harmful to the marine environment and subject to regulations 4.1.3 and 6.1.2.1 of the MARPOL Annex V if they are residues of solid bulk substances which are classified according to the criteria of the United Nations Globally Harmonized System for Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (UN GHS) meeting the following parametersfootnote:
  • .1 Acute Aquatic Toxicity Category 1; and/or

  • .2 Chronic Aquatic Toxicity Category 1 or 2; and/or

  • .3 Carcinogenicityfootnote Category 1A or 1B combined with not being rapidly degradable and having high bioaccumulation; and/or

  • .4 Mutagenicityfootnote Category 1A or 1B combined with not being rapidly degradable and having high bioaccumulation; and/or

  • .5 Reproductive Toxicityfootnote Category 1A or 1B combined with not being rapidly degradable and having high bioaccumulation; and/or

  • .6 Specific Target Organ Toxicity Repeated Exposurefootnote Category 1 combined with not being rapidly degradable and having high bioaccumulation; and/or

  • .7 Solid bulk cargoes containing or consisting of synthetic polymers, rubber, plastics, or plastic feedstock pellets (this includes materials that are shredded, milled, chopped or macerated or similar materials).

3.3 Cargo residues that are harmful to the marine environment may require special handling not normally provided by reception facilities. Ports and terminals receiving such cargoes should have adequate reception facilities for all relevant residues, including when contained in washwater.

3.4 Solid bulk cargoes should be classified and declared by the shipper as to whether or not they are harmful to the marine environment. Such declaration should be included in the information required in section 4.2 of the IMSBC Code.

3.5 Ports, terminals and ship operators should consider cargo loading, unloading and onboard handling practicesfootnote in order to minimize production of cargo residues. Cargo residues are created through inefficiencies in loading, unloading, onboard handling. Options that should be considered to decrease the amount of such garbage include the following:
  • .1 ensuring ships are suitable to carry the intended cargo and also suitable for unloading the same cargo using conventional unloading methods;

  • .2 unloading cargo as efficiently as possible, utilizing all appropriate safety precautions to prevent injury or ship and equipment damage and to avoid or minimize cargo residues; and

  • .3 minimizing spillage of the cargo during transfer operations by carefully controlling cargo transfer operations, both on board and from dockside. This should include effective measures to enable immediate communications between relevant ship and shore-based personnel during the transfer operations and when feasible, enclosure of conveyance devices such as conveyor belts. Since this spillage typically occurs in port, it should be completely cleaned up immediately following the loading and unloading event and handled as cargo; delivering it into the intended cargo space or into the appropriate unloading holding area.

3.6 When the master, based on the information received from the relevant port authorities, determines that there are no adequate reception facilitiesfootnote at either the port of departure or the port of destination in the case where both ports are situated within the same special area, the condition under regulation 6.1.2.3 should be considered satisfied.

3.7 MARPOL Annex V, regulation 6.1.2 also applies when the "port of departure" and the "next port of destination" is the same port. To discharge cargo hold washwater in this situation, the ship must be en route and the discharge must take place not less than 12 miles from the nearest land.

4 TRAINING, EDUCATION AND INFORMATION

(Not reproduced.)

5 PORT RECEPTION FACILITIES FOR GARBAGE (Not reproduced.)

(Not reproduced.)

6 ENHANCEMENT OF COMPLIANCE WITH MARPOL ANNEX V

(Not reproduced.)


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