5 Training and certification or licensing standards
Clasification Society 2024 - Version 9.40
Statutory Documents - IMO Publications and Documents - Resolutions - Assembly - IMO Resolution A.960(23) Recommendations on Training and Certification and on Operational Procedures for Maritime Pilots other than Deep-Sea Pilots - (Adopted on 5 December 2003) - Annex 1 - Recommendation on Training and Certification of Maritime Pilots other than Deep-Sea Pilots - 5 Training and certification or licensing standards

5 Training and certification or licensing standards

  5.1 The competent pilotage authority is responsible for training and certification or licensing standards. The standards should be sufficient to enable pilots to carry out their duties safely and efficiently.

  5.2 Standards for initial training should be designed to develop in the trainee pilot the skills and knowledge determined by the competent pilotage authority to be necessary for obtaining a pilot certificate or license. The training should include practical experience gained under the close supervision of experienced pilots. This practical experience gained on vessels under actual piloting conditions may be supplemented by simulation, both computer and manned model, classroom instruction, or other training methods.

  5.3 Every pilot should be trained in bridge resource management with an emphasis on the exchange of information that is essential to a safe transit. This training should include a requirement for the pilot to assess particular situations and to conduct an exchange of information with the master and/or officer in charge of navigational watch. Maintaining an effective working relationship between the pilot and the bridge team in both routine and emergency conditions should be covered in training. Emergency conditions should include loss of steering, loss of propulsion, and failures of radar, vital systems and automation, in a narrow channel or fairway.

  5.4 Initial and continuing training in the master-pilot information exchange should also cover:

  • .1 regulatory requirements governing the exchange;

  • .2 recognition of language, cultural, psychological and physiological impediments to effective communication and interaction and techniques for overcoming these impediments; and

  • .3 best practices in the specific pilotage area.

  5.5 Competent pilotage authorities should be encouraged to provide updating and refresher training conducted for certified or licensed pilots to ensure the continuation of their proficiency and updating of their knowledge, and could include the following;

  • .1 courses to improve proficiency in the English language where necessary;

  • .2 sessions to enhance the ability to communicate with local authorities and other vessels in the area;

  • .3 meetings with local authorities and other responsible agencies to envisage emergency situations and contingency plans;

  • .4 refresher or renewal courses in bridge resource management for pilots to facilitate communication and information exchange between the pilot and the master and to increase efficiency on the bridge.

  • .5 simulation exercises, which may include radar training and emergency shiphandling procedures;

  • .6 courses in shiphandling training centres using manned models;

  • .7 seminars on new bridge equipment with special regard to navigation aids;

  • .8 sessions to discuss relevant issues connected with the pilotage service including laws, rules and regulations particular to the pilotage area;

  • .9 personal safety training;

  • .10 techniques for personal survival at sea; and

  • .11 emergency first aid, including cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and hypothermia remediation.


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