Annex 9 – Guidelines for Technical Assessment in Conjunction with Planning for Enhanced Surveys of Bulk Carriers footnote
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Statutory Documents - IMO Publications and Documents - Resolutions - Assembly - IMO Resolution A.744(18) – Guidelines on the Enhanced Programme of Inspections During Surveys for Bulk Carriers and Oil Tankers – (Adopted on 4 November 1993) - Annex A - Guidelines on the Enhanced Programme of Inspections During Surveys for Bulk Carriers - Part B – Guidelines on the Enhanced Programme of Inspections During Surveys of Bulk Carriers Having Double-Side Skin Construction - Annex 9 – Guidelines for Technical Assessment in Conjunction with Planning for Enhanced Surveys of Bulk Carriers1

Annex 9 – Guidelines for Technical Assessment in Conjunction with Planning for Enhanced Surveys of Bulk Carriers footnote

1 Introduction

 These guidelines contain information and suggestions concerning technical assessments, which may be of use in conjunction with the planning of enhanced surveys of double skin bulk carriers. As indicated in 5.1.6, the guidelines are a recommended tool which may be invoked at the discretion of the Administration, when considered necessary and appropriate, in conjunction with the preparation of the required survey programme.

2 Purpose and Principles

2.1 Purpose

  2.1.1 The purpose of the technical assessments described in these guidelines is to assist in identifying critical structural areas, nominating suspect areas and in focusing attention on structural elements or areas of structural elements which may be particularly susceptible to, or evidence a history of, wastage or damage. This information may be useful in nominating locations, areas holds and tanks for thickness measurement, close-up survey and tank testing.

  2.1.2 Critical structural areas are locations which have been identified from calculations to require monitoring or from the service history of the subject ship or from similar or sister ships (if available) to be sensitive to cracking, buckling or corrosion which would impair the structural integrity of the ship.

2.2 Minimum requirements

 However, these guidelines may not be used to reduce the requirements pertaining to thickness measurement, close-up survey and tank testing contained in annexes 1 and 2 of part B and in paragraph 2.7, respectively, which, in all cases, should be complied with as a minimum.

2.3 Timing

 As with other aspects of survey planning, the technical assessments described in these guidelines should be worked out by the owner or operator in co-operation with the Administration well in advance of the commencement of the renewal survey, i.e., prior to commencing the survey and normally at least 12 to 15 months before the survey's completion due date.

2.4 Aspects to be considered

  2.4.1 Technical assessments, which may include quantitative or qualitative evaluation of relative risks of possible deterioration, of the following aspects of a particular ship may be used as a basis for the nomination of holds, tanks and areas for survey:

  • .1 design features such as stress levels on various structural elements, design details and extent of use of high-tensile steel;

  • .2 former history with respect to corrosion, cracking, buckling, indents and repairs for the particular ship as well as similar vessels, where available; and

  • .3 information with respect to types of cargo carried, use of different holds/tanks for cargo/ballast, protection of holds and tanks and condition of coating, if any.

  2.4.2 Technical assessments of the relative risks of susceptibility to damage or deterioration of various structural elements and areas are to be judged and decided on the basis of recognized principles and practices, such as may be found in references 2, 3 and 4.

3 Technical Assessment

3.1 General

  3.1.1 There are three basic types of possible failure, which may be the subject of technical assessment in connection with planning of surveys; corrosion, cracks and buckling. Contact damages are not normally covered by the survey planning since indents are usually noted in memoranda and assumed to be dealt with as a normal routine by surveyors.

  3.1.2 Technical assessments performed in conjunction with the survey planning process should, in principle, be as shown schematically in figure 1. The approach is basically an evaluation of the risk in the following aspects based on the knowledge and experience related to:

  • .1 design; and

  • .2 corrosion.

  3.1.3 The design should be considered with respect to structural details, which may be susceptible to buckling or cracking as a result of vibration, high stress levels or fatigue.

  3.1.4 Corrosion is related to the ageing process, and is closely connected with the quality of corrosion prevention systems fitted at new building, and subsequent maintenance during the service life. Corrosion may also lead to cracking and/or buckling.

3.2 Methods

  3.2.1 Design details Damage experience related to the ship in question and sister and/or similar ships, where available, is the main source of information to be used in the process of planning. In addition, a selection of structural details from the design drawings is to be included. Typical damage experience to be considered will consist of:

  • .1 number, extent, location and frequency of cracks; and

  • .2 location of buckles. This information may be found in the survey reports and/or the owner’s files, including the results of the owner’s own inspections. The defects should be analysed, noted and marked on sketches. In addition, general experience should be utilized. Also, reference should be made to reference 2, which contains a catalogue of typical damages and proposed repair methods for various structural details on single skin bulk carriers. Reference should also be made to reference 3, which contains catalogues of typical damages and proposed repair methods for double hull oil tanker structural details which may to some extent be similar to structural details in double skin bulk carriers. Such figures should be used together with a review of the main drawings, in order to compare with the actual structure and search for similar details that may be susceptible to damage. In particular, chapter 3 of reference 3 deals with various aspects specific to double hull tankers, such as stress concentration locations, misalignment during construction, corrosion trends, fatigue considerations and areas requiring special attention, while chapter 4 of reference 3 addresses experience gained on structural defects in double hulls (chemical tankers, OBO carriers, ore/oil carriers, gas carriers), which should also be considered in working out the survey planning. The review of the main structural drawings, in addition to using the above-mentioned figures, should include checking for typical design details where cracking has been experienced. The factors contributing to damage should be carefully considered. The use of high-tensile steel (HTS) is an important factor. Details showing good service experience where ordinary, mild steel has been used may be more susceptible to damage when HTS, and its higher associated stresses, are utilized. There is extensive and, in general, good experience, with the use of HTS for longitudinal material in deck and bottom structures. Experience in other locations, where the dynamic stresses may be higher, is less favourable, e.g., side structures. In this respect, stress calculations of typical and important components and details, in accordance with relevant methods, may prove useful and should be considered. The selected areas of the structure identified during this process should be recorded and marked on the structural drawings to be included in the Survey Programme.

  3.2.2 Corrosion In order to evaluate relative corrosion risks, the following information should generally be considered:

  • .1 usage of tanks, holds and spaces;

  • .2 condition of coatings;

  • .3 cleaning procedures;

  • .4 previous corrosion damage;

  • .5 ballast use and time for cargo holds;

  • .6 risk of corrosion in cargo holds and ballast tanks; and

  • .7 location of ballast tanks adjacent to heated fuel oil tanks. Reference 4 gives definitive examples which can be used for judging and describing coating condition, using typical pictures of conditions. The evaluation of corrosion risks should be based on information in both reference 2 and reference 4, as far as applicable to double-side skin construction, together with relevant information on the anticipated condition of the ship as derived from the information collected in order to prepare the Survey Programme and the age of the ship. The various holds, tanks and spaces should be listed with the corrosion risks nominated accordingly.

  3.2.3 Locations for close-up survey and thickness measurement On the basis of the table of corrosion risks and the evaluation of design experience, the locations for initial close-up survey and thickness measurement (areas and sections) may be nominated. The sections subject to thickness measurement should normally be nominated in tanks, holds and spaces where corrosion risk is judged to be the highest. The nomination of tanks, holds and spaces for close-up survey should initially be based on highest corrosion risk, and should always include ballast tanks. The principle for the selection should that the extent is increased by age or where information is insufficient or unreliable.

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