Annex 11 Strength of Cargo Hatch Cover Securing Arrangements for Bulk Carriers
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Statutory Documents - IMO Publications and Documents - Resolutions - Assembly - IMO Resolution A.744(18) Guidelines on the Enhanced Programme of Inspections During Surveys for Bulk Carriers and Oil Tankers (Adopted on 4 November 1993) - Annex A - Guidelines on the Enhanced Programme of Inspections During Surveys for Bulk Carriers - Part B Guidelines on the Enhanced Programme of Inspections During Surveys of Bulk Carriers Having Double-Side Skin Construction - Annex 11 Strength of Cargo Hatch Cover Securing Arrangements for Bulk Carriers

Annex 11 Strength of Cargo Hatch Cover Securing Arrangements for Bulk Carriers

1 Securing devices

 The strength of securing devices should comply with the following requirements:

  • .1 Panel hatch covers should be secured by appropriate devices (bolts, wedges or similar) suitably spaced alongside the coamings and between cover elements. Arrangement and spacing should be determined with due attention to the effectiveness for weather-tightness, depending upon the type and the size of the hatch cover, as well as on the stiffness of the cover edges between the securing devices.

  • .2 The net sectional area of each securing device is not to be less than:

A = 1.4 a / f (cm2)
Where:
a = spacing between securing devices not to be taken less than 2 metres
f = Y/235)e
= specified minimum upper yield stress in N/mm2 of the steel used for fabrication, not to be taken greater than 70% of the ultimate tensile strength
e = 0.75 for σY > 235
= 1.0 for σY ≤ 235
  • Rods or bolts should have a net diameter not less than 19 mm for hatchways exceeding 5 m2 in area.

  • .3 Between cover and coaming and at cross-joints, a packing line pressure sufficient to obtain weathertightness should be maintained by the securing devices. For packing line pressures exceeding 5 N/mm, the cross section area should be increased in direct proportion. The packing line pressure should be specified.

  • .4 The cover edge stiffness should be sufficient to maintain adequate sealing pressure between securing devices. The moment of inertia, I, of edge elements be less than:

I = 6 p a4(cm4)
Where:
p = packing line pressure in N/mm, minimum 5 N/mm
a = spacing in m of securing devices
  • .5 Securing devices should be of reliable construction and securely attached to the hatchway coamings, decks or covers. Individual securing devices on each cover are to have approximately the same stiffness characteristics.

  • .6 Where rod cleats are fitted, resilient washers or cushions should be incorporated.

  • .7 Where hydraulic cleating is adopted, a positive means should be provided to ensure that it remains mechanically locked in the closed position in the event of failure of the hydraulic system.

2 Stoppers

  2.1 Nos.1 and 2 hatch covers should be effectively secured, by means of stoppers, against the transverse forces arising from a pressure of 175 kN/m2.

  2.2 No.2 hatch covers should be effectively secured, by means of stoppers, against the longitudinal forces acting on the forward end arising from a pressure of 175 kN/m2.

  2.3 No.1 hatch cover should be effectively secured, by means of stoppers, against the longitudinal forces acting on the forward end arising from a pressure of 230 kN/m2. This pressure may be reduced to 175 kN/m2 if a forecastle is fitted.

  2.4 The equivalent stress in stoppers and their supporting structures and calculated in the throat of the stopper welds is not to exceed the allowable value of 0.8 σY.

3 Materials and welding

 Where stoppers or securing devices are fitted to comply with this annex, they should be manufactured of materials, including welding electrodes, to the satisfaction of the Administration.


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