1 Systems and equipment required to meet the requirements
of regulations 19 and 20 shall be of a type approved by the
2 Systems and equipment, including associated
back-up arrangements, where applicable, installed on or after 1 July
2002 to perform the functional requirements of regulations 19 and 20 shall conform to appropriate performance
standards not inferior to those adopted by the Organization.footnote
3 When systems and equipment are replaced or added
to on ships constructed before 1 July 2002, such systems and equipment
shall, in so far as is reasonable and practicable, comply with the
requirements of paragraph 2.
4 Systems and equipment installed prior to the
adoption of performance standards by the Organization may subsequently
be exempted from full compliance with such standards at the discretion
of the Administration, having due regard to the recommended criteria
adopted by the Organization. However, for an electronic chart display
and information system (ECDIS) to be accepted as satisfying the chart
carriage requirement of regulation 184.108.40.206,
that system shall conform to the relevant performance standards not
inferior to those adopted by the Organization in effect on the date
of installation, or, for systems installed before 1 January 1999,
not inferior to the performance standards adopted by the Organization
on 23 November 1995footnote.
5 The Administration shall require that the manufacturers
have a quality control system audited by a competent authority to
ensure continuous compliance with the type approval conditions. Alternatively,
the Administration may use final product verification procedures where
the compliance with the type approval certificate is verified by a
competent authority before the product is installed on board ships.
6 Before giving approval to systems or equipment
embodying new features not covered by this chapter, the Administration
shall ensure that such features support functions at least as effective
as those required by this chapter.
7 When equipment, for which performance standards
have been developed by the Organization, is carried on ships in addition
to those items of equipment required by regulations
19 and 20, such equipment
shall be subject to approval and shall as far as practicable comply
with performance standards not inferior to those adopted by the Organization.
8 The voyage data recorder system, including all
sensors, shall be subjected to an annual performance test. The test
shall be conducted by an approved testing or servicing facility to
verify the accuracy, duration and recoverability of the recorded data.
In addition, tests and inspections shall be conducted to determine
the serviceability of all protective enclosures and devices fitted
to aid location. A copy of the certificate of compliance issued by
the testing facility, stating the date of compliance and the applicable
performance standards, shall be retained on board the ship.
9 The automatic identification system (AIS) shall
be subjected to an annual test. The test shall be conducted by an
approved surveyor or an approved testing or servicing facility. The
test shall verify the correct programming of the ship static information,
correct data exchange with connected sensors as well as verifying
the radio performance by radio frequency measurement and on-air test
using, e.g., a Vessel Traffic Service (VTS). A copy of the test report
shall be retained on board the ship.